Express Entry: How to Immigrate to Canada


Immigrating to Canada through the Express Entry system is an attractive option for skilled workers seeking new opportunities in a vibrant and diverse country. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the Express Entry process, from understanding eligibility requirements to successfully submitting your application.

What is Express Entry?

Express Entry is an online immigration application system used by the Canadian government to manage applications for permanent residence from skilled workers. It covers three main immigration programs:

Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

Designed for skilled workers with foreign work experience who meet specific criteria in areas such as education, language proficiency, and work experience.


Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)

For skilled tradespeople with qualifications and experience in specific trades. Applicants must have a valid job offer or a certificate of qualification in their trade.

Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

Aimed at individuals with at least one year of skilled work experience in Canada, this program is ideal for temporary foreign workers and international graduates.

Step-by-Step Guide to the Express Entry Process

1. Determine Eligibility

Each Express Entry program has distinct eligibility criteria. Common factors include:

  • Age: Younger applicants score higher in the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).
  • Education: Higher levels of education earn more points.
  • Language Proficiency: High scores in English and/or French tests (IELTS, CELPIP, TEF, or TCF) are crucial.
  • Work Experience: Relevant work experience in skilled occupations.

2. Get Your Educational Credentials Assessed

An Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) is necessary for applicants who studied outside Canada. This assessment verifies that your foreign education is equivalent to a Canadian credential. Approved organizations include WES, ICAS, and others.

3. Take a Language Test

Language proficiency is a key component of your CRS score. Accepted tests include:

  • IELTS (International English Language Testing System)
  • CELPIP (Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program)
  • TEF (Test d’évaluation de français)
  • TCF (Test de connaissance du français)

4. Create an Express Entry Profile

Create your Express Entry profile online through the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) website. You will need to provide information about your skills, work experience, language ability, education, and other personal details.

5. Get into the Pool of Candidates

Once your profile is complete, you will be entered into the Express Entry pool. Candidates are ranked using the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), which awards points based on factors like age, education, work experience, and language proficiency.

6. Improve Your CRS Score

If your initial CRS score is low, there are ways to improve it:

  • Gain More Work Experience: Additional years of work can boost your score.
  • Improve Language Scores: Retaking language tests and achieving higher scores can significantly increase your points.
  • Obtain a Job Offer: A valid job offer from a Canadian employer can add substantial points.
  • Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP): Securing a provincial nomination can add 600 points to your CRS score.

7. Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA)

Candidates with the highest CRS scores receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) during regular draws from the Express Entry pool. If you receive an ITA, you have 60 days to submit a complete application for permanent residence.

8. Submit Your Application for Permanent Residence

Prepare and submit your application, including all required documents. Essential documents include:

  • Passport: A valid passport.
  • Language Test Results: Proof of language proficiency.
  • ECA Report: Educational Credential Assessment report.
  • Proof of Funds: Evidence that you have sufficient funds to support yourself and your family in Canada.
  • Police Certificates: Background checks from countries where you have lived.
  • Medical Exam: A medical examination by an IRCC-approved physician.
  • Job Offer: If applicable, provide a valid job offer letter.

9. Await a Decision

After submitting your application, the processing time can vary. Typically, it takes about six months for the IRCC to process most complete applications. You can check the status of your application online through your IRCC account.

10. Prepare for Arrival in Canada

Once your application is approved, you will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) and a visa (if applicable). You must land in Canada before the expiry date on your COPR. Prepare for your new life in Canada by arranging accommodation, understanding healthcare, and familiarizing yourself with the local culture.

Tips for a Successful Express Entry Application

Stay Organized

Keep track of all required documents and deadlines. Missing documents or deadlines can delay your application or lead to rejection.

Be Honest

Provide accurate and truthful information in your Express Entry profile and application. Misrepresentation can result in a ban from applying for Canadian immigration for several years.

Stay Informed

Regularly check for updates on the Express Entry system and immigration policies. Changes in policies can affect your eligibility and application process.

Seek Professional Assistance

Consider hiring a regulated Canadian immigration consultant or lawyer if you need help navigating the process. Professional guidance can be particularly valuable for complex cases.


The Express Entry system is a streamlined and efficient pathway for skilled workers to immigrate to Canada. By understanding the eligibility criteria, preparing necessary documents, and following the steps outlined in this guide, you can enhance your chances of successfully obtaining Canadian permanent residence.


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